Auditory pathway: Anatomy, ear structures, transduction.
In auditory transduction, auditory refers to hearing, and transduction is the process by which the ear converts sound waves into electric impulses and sends them to the brain so we can interpret them as sound. And the ear itself is made up of three parts: the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear, and all three play a role in hearing.
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Hair cells in the cochlea perform the transduction of these sound waves into afferent electrical impulses. Auditory nerve fibers connected to the hair cells form the spiral ganglion, which transmits the electrical signals along the auditory nerve and eventually on to the brain stem.
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The most effective way for me to learn information is the Auditory Learning Style and Kinesthetic Learning Style. As I read the tendencies for both the Auditory and Kinesthetic learning styles I checked each tendency that I do a daily basis and realized that it’s split down the middle.As I was growing up I had a problem retaining information that I read.
In physiology, sensory transduction is the conversion of a sensory stimulus from one form to another. Transduction in the nervous system typically refers to stimulus-alerting events wherein a physical stimulus is converted into an action potential, which is transmitted along axons towards the central nervous system for integration. It is a step in the larger process of sensory processing.
Two G-protein-coupled receptors for NmU have recently been detected. NMU1R, is mian expressed in peripheral tissues whereas NMU2R is expressed in the central nervous system. Here we demonstrate a role of NmU in pain, signal transduction pathways, the relationship between ion channel and nociception.